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W. K. Ch. Guthrie
SOCRATES


CONTENTS

 

List of Abbreviations vii
Preface i
Introductory note 3
 
I. PROBLEM AND SOURCES 
      (1) General 5
      (2) Xenophon 13
      (3) Plato 29
      (4) Aristotle 35
      (5) Comedy 39
 
II. LIFE AND CHARACTER 
      (1) Life58
      (2) Appearance and general character 66
      (3) Attitude to sex and love70
      (4) Effect on others78
      (5) The divine sign: Socrates and the irrational82
      (6) Socrates and the Delphic response85
      (7) His service to the god88
      (8) Political views89
        Additional note: some opinions on Socrates's political views94
 
III. PHILOSOPHICAL SIGNIFICANCE 
      (1) Philosophia de caelo devocata97
      (2) Induction and definition 105
      (3) Relevance of induction and definition to Socrates's ethical aims110
      (4) The nature of Socratic definition117
      (5) The ignorance of Socrates122
      (6) Virtue is knowledge130
      (7) All wrongdoing is involuntary: Socrates a determinist?139
      (8) The good and the useful142
      (9) Self-knowledge and 'care of the soul'147
      (10) Religious beliefs of Socrates: is the soul immortal?153
      (11) The legacy of Socrates165
      (12) The immediate followers of Socrates (Aristippus and Euclides)169
 
Bibliography187
Index of passages quoted or referred to194
General Index198
Index of selected Greek words200
 
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